Cucumber mosaic virus is spread from plant-to-plant by many species of aphids. Aphids only retain the ability to transmit these viruses for very short periods of time (minutes to a few hours). Thus, spread is often very rapid and local.
Can mosaic virus spread?
Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) spreads through seeds and direct contact, and the best way to avoid it is to grow resistant varieties.
How do I know if my plant has mosaic virus?
Mosaic symptoms are variable but commonly include irregular leaf mottling (light and dark green or yellow patches or streaks). Leaves are commonly stunted, curled, or puckered; veins may be lighter than normal or banded with dark green or yellow.
How do I get rid of mosaic virus?
There is NO CURE for the Mosaic Virus. Once it infects a plant, there is no saving it. Your best course of action is to remove the entire plant completely, and destroy it. Be sure to clean and disinfect any garden tools used during the clean-out.
How long does Mosaic last?
The virus is very persistent on bench tops and other materials. It can be infective as long as 8 years on bench tops and 50 years in dried plant material. Cleaning a growing operation after infection with this virus or its relative, tomato mosaic virus, requires patience and attention to detail.
Does mosaic virus stay in soil?
Unlike TMV (tobacco mosaic virus), CMV is not seedborne in tomato and does not persist in plant debris in the soil or on workers’ hands or clothing. The occurrence of this virus is erratic and unpredictable; consequently, control of this disease can be difficult.
What houseplants can get mosaic virus?
Francesca Peduto Hand: Tobacco mosaic virus, or TMV, is a virus with worldwide distribution, affecting hundreds of different plant species including many floriculture crops. Among these are petunia, calibrachoa, impatiens, lobelia, verbena, gerbera daisy, geranium and many more.
What determine the severity of symptoms of mosaic?
Disease severity generally depends upon the host genotype, and is usually more severe on susceptible than on resistant genotypes (Hahn et al., 1980; Jennings, 1994; Thresh et al., 1994).
How do I know if my plant has viruses?
Your plants will let you know if they have a disease problem; growth slows, stunts or becomes spindly; leaves turn yellow, show white powdery blotches or develop spots. Infected leaves eventually drop. Plant stems may become soft and mushy, with black discoloration near the soil.
Which crop is generally affected by mosaic disease * 1 point?
One of the most important diseases of cassava is cassava mosaic disease (CMD), which is transmitted primarily by the vector whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) (Chant 1958).
Is mosaic virus harmful to humans?
“These viruses are specific to plants and do not harm humans. The presence of mosaic won’t cause fruits to rot prematurely but severely distorted fruit will have a different texture, so use your own judgement.”
What causes Dahlia mosaic virus?
Mosaic virus in dahlias cause large scale disfigurement of the plant. It is found worldwide and is spread by inoculation of the sap, either through human intervention or by the 13 species of aphids that serve as its natural vectors. Dahlias with mosaic virus can exhibit a multitude of symptoms.
How do you treat mosaic virus on roses?
There is no cure or treatment in landscapes for eliminating the viruses that cause rose mosaic disease. Replace infected roses if their performance is unsatisfactory. Purchase and plant virus-indexed plants, roses that have been tested and certified to be free of known rose viruses.