What is fancy yarn in textile?

A fancy yarn is made with a distinctive irregular profile or a construction that differs from the basic single and folded yarns, the objective is to enhance the aesthetics of the end product. The fancy yarn gives a fancy touch to the fabrics to a broad range of end uses.

Which is fancy yarn?

Fancy yarns are invariably used to create fashion fabrics. They are used in ladies outerwear, mens jackets, knitwear, ties, furnishings, curtains and upholstery. Typical fancy yarns include snarl, spiral, loop, chenille, slub and nep.

How fancy yarns are produced?

Rotation of hollow spindle wraps the effect yarn around the core yarn. Two spindle wrap system is used to wrap staple fibre with two binder yarns which results in special effect yarn and staple structures. Combination of both hollow and ring spinning system is also used for production of fancy yarns.

What is special yarn?

Different types of Special/fancy yarns  Gimp Yarn  Spiral or Corkscrew yarn  Marl Yarn  Covered Yarns  Composite Yarns  Chenille Yarn  Chainette Yarn  Ribbon Yarns  Tape Yarn  Fasciated Yarn  Slub Yarn  Knop Yarn. Ribbon Yarns These yarns are not produced by spinning.

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How many types of fancy yarn are there?

Various names are used to describe the different yarn effect, these can be classified in to Eight basic profiles. The basic profiles of the fancy yarns are Spiral, Gimp, Slub, Knob, Loop, Cover, Chenille and Snarl yarns.

What is textured yarn?

1. Textured Yarns: ‘Textured’ is a general term for any continuous filament yarn whose smooth straight fibers have been displaced from their closely packed, parallel position by the introduction of some form of crimp, curl, loop or coil.

What effect do fancy yarns have on performance of fabrics containing these yarns?

In fancy yarns, however, the variations are introduced by design to enhance the aesthetic appearance. These yarns provide the fabric designer greater scope in achieving a more attractive and exclusive product, but also pose greater challenges as they usually suffer from poorer performance and higher costs.

What is the basic structure of a fancy doubled yarn?

The basic structure of a fancy doubled yarn consists of ‘core’ threads, an ‘effect material’, and a ‘binder’ which, as the name suggests, ensures that the entire structure holds together. A ground (core) component, an effect component and a binder in a fancy yarn are shown in the following figure.

What are the types of yarn?

They include such types as fingering yarns, usually of two or three plys, light to medium in weight and with even diameter, used for various types of apparel; Germantown yarns, soft and thick, usually four-ply and of medium weight, frequently used for sweaters and blankets; Shetland yarns, fine, soft, fluffy, and …

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What are the four types of yarn?

The Different Yarn Weights

  • Super Bulky or Super Chunky. Commonly used for heavy blankets and rugs, or chunky pullovers.
  • Aran or Afghan. Used for scarves, hats, garments such as jumpers and cardigans. …
  • Worsted Weight or DK (double knitting yarn) …
  • Sport. …
  • Baby. …
  • Fingering or Super Fine Weight. …
  • Thread or Lace Weight Yarn.

What yarn is the softest?

Cashmere: The softest and fluffiest yarn of them all, but is also rather expensive and not that strong.

What is fuzzy yarn called?

Chenille: Velvety and smooth. Tricky to knit with. Thick-thin: A finished knitted item using this yarn have thick and thin sections, which gives a bumpy look. Faux fur: Super Fluffy fiber strands on a strong base thread of nylon. The finished knitted item looks like faux fur.

What is called yarn?

Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery, or ropemaking. Thread is a type of yarn intended for sewing by hand or machine. … Embroidery threads are yarns specifically designed for needlework.

What is ply yarn?

Ply, plied, or folded, yarns are composed of two or more single yarns twisted together. Two-ply yarn, for example, is composed of two single strands; three-ply yarn is composed of three single strands.

What is hybrid yarn?

Hybrid yarns are engineered yarns, in which various materials are combined in one strand to create different structures based on the performance requirements of the final product.

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