What are the basic structures in weft knitting?

Four primary base weft knitted structures–plain, rib, interlock and purl–are the base structures from which all weft knitted fabrics and garments are derived. Each is composed of a different combination of face and reverse meshed stitches, knitted on a particular arrangement of needle beds.

What are the characteristic of the basic type of weft knits?


  • Slowest of the knitting machines.
  • Both side similar appearance.
  • More expensive.
  • Good stretch in all direction.
  • Stretches out of shape easily.
  • Crosswise stretch less than a jersey knit.
  • Thicker than jersey knits.
  • Does not curl.

What is weft knitting process?

Weft knitting is when yarn runs horizontally, from side to side, across the width of the fabric. Fabric begins to form by manipulating the knitting needles to create loops horizontally that build on top of each other (see picture). This one continuous thread makes the fabric creates an incredibly elastic fabric.

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What do you understand by basic knit structure?

8.4 Basic Knitted Structures

The knitted loops are bound only at the feet to the heads of the previous stitches. At the place where the legs transform into feet there are two points of contact with the previous stitch.

What are three basic stitches in weft knitting?

The basic stitches in weft knitting are face loops, reverse loops, float stitches and tuck stitches. Transferring stitches to adjacent needles creates openwork effects (Tables 1.7 and 1.8). Single jersey fabrics are knitted on one bed of needles which means that the loops are all intermeshed in the same direction.

How wefts knitted structures are classified based on cylinder and dial?

Most fabric is knitted on circular m/cs either single-cylinder (single jersey) or cylinder and dial (double jersey) of the revolving needle cylinder type, because of their high speed and productive efficiency.

What is the most common weft knit?

Among all types of weft knit fabrics, the single jersey fabric is most popular.

What are the 2 types of weft knitting machines?

12.4 Types of weft knitting machines

The weft knitting industry can be divided into three manufacturing sectors: fully fashioned, flat V- bed knitting and circular knitting. The most important difference among the various types of weft knitting machines is in the number of needle beds and the number of needles used.

How do you identify warp and weft?

In checks, if you find one colour with odd numbers of threads, it is warp. Then it is easy to determine warps as parallel yarns with selvedge is warp. And yarns those are perpendicular to the selvedge are weft or filling yarn.

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How many types of knitting stitches are there?

What are the basic stitches in knitting? All of knitting is based on two simple stitches, the knit stitch and the purl stitch. Everything else is a combination or variation of those two stitches. The knit stitch is made by creating a loop in the back of your work.

What is warp knitting machine?

Warp knitting machines are either single needle bar machines or double needlebar machines and are available in a wide range of gauges and widths, Modern machines are electronically controlled in terms of patterning, beam let-off and fabric take-up.

What is stitch density in knitting?

Stitch density is the number of stitches per unit area, obtained by multiplying the number of courses per inch (25 mm) by the number of wales per inch (25 mm). Like woven fabrics, a knit fabric also has a technical face and a technical back and can differ in appearance on each side.

What is the difference between warp knitting and weft knitting?

Warp knitting differs from weft knitting, basically in that each needle loops has its own thread. … In warp knitting the needles produce parallel rows of loops simultaneously that are interlocked in a zigzag pattern, while in weft knitting the needles produces loops in the widthwise direction of the fabric.

What are the examples of warp knitting?

The two types of warp knitting are raschel, made with latch needles, and tricot, using bearded needles.

Is tricot a weft knit?

Tricot is a warp-knit fabric. … Warp knitting differs from weft knitting by having each needle loop its own thread. The needles produce parallel rows of loops that create the interlocked zigzag pattern seen below.

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